The goal of psoriasis treatment is twofold. First, the hope is to stop your skin from the overproduction of cells that is causing skin buildup. Second, it aims to get rid of the scales and rough skin that have already accumulated and leave smooth, healthy skin in its place. There are three primary methods of treatment for psoriasis. It is rare for one treatment to be taken alone. More often than not, multiple treatments will be done side by side for the highest success rate and fastest recovery. The three methods are topical treatment, light therapy, and oral or injection treatments.
A topical treatment is one that you apply to the skin directly. Topical treatments tend to be ointments and creams and are usually only used on less extreme cases of psoriasis. Corticosteroids, anthralin, and vitamin D are common topical treatments that can reduce the inflammation of the skin and reduce the scales produced by psoriasis. In addition to smoothing the skin out, they can also reduce any kind of irritation or inflammation that has been occurring. In some rare cases, topical treatments have caused further irritation of the skin. If you experience any severe side effects then see a doctor immediately. Topical treatments only work for as long as you are using the topical cream or ointment so it is important to work towards curing your psoriasis while utilizing the topical care.
Light therapy is a very straight forward method which aims to cure psoriasis by means of light. This can be in the form of exposing your skin to sunlight for a specific number of hours a day or going through artificial forms of light at extremely high dosages. The goal of light therapy is to kill the T cells in your skin that are causing the problem. This in turn will reduce how much new skin is being produced and stop the scaling of your skin from occurring. If you over expose your skin to light therapy or sunlight, you may make the conditions worst though. This is why it is important to work with a doctor to determine how much light therapy is safe for you. Finally, oral medicine and injections can help with your psoriasis. These are generally only for if your symptoms are extremely bad and you need to reduce them to treat them with other methods. Always talk to your doctor before beginning any kind of oral or injected medicine. Some common medicines are retinoids, methotrexate, cyclosporine, and hydroxyurea.